Canine Distemper/Parvo Vaccination?
While commonly called canine distemper vaccination, this vaccine typically protects your pet against more than just distemper. That’s because it is actually a combination of vaccines in one injection that will protect your pet from several serious diseases.
Canine distemper is considered a core vaccine. This means that, because canine distemper is a serious, highly contagious disease with a high death rate, organized veterinary medicine has determined that all dogs should be protected from this disease.
The exact combination of your dog’s distemper combination vaccine depends on your dog’s age and individual disease-risk profile, but in general, the most important diseases to protect against are canine distemper, canine adenovirus-2 infection (hepatitis and respiratory disease), canine parvovirus infection, and parainfluenza. The abbreviation for this combination vaccine is frequently written as “DHPPV,” “DHPP,” “DA2PP,” or “DA2PPV” on your pet’s health records. The letters in these abbreviations are defined as follows:
- D = Canine distemper virus. Infection with this virus is serious, with a death rate approaching 50% in untreated dogs. The virus attacks the respiratory, digestive, and brain/nervous systems of dogs.
- H = Hepatitis. Since this vaccine protects against canine adenovirus-2 and adenovirus-1, it is often referred to as A2. Canine adenovirus-1 causes canine infectious hepatitis, a serious disease that affects the liver.
- Canine adenovirus-2 causes respiratory disease and is one of the infectious agents commonly associated with canine infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as kennel cough.
- A2 = Canine adenovirus-2. This virus causes a respiratory disease in dogs (see above).
- P = Parvovirus. Infection with this virus is highly contagious and serious, with a death rate approaching 90% in untreated dogs. The virus attacks the digestive and immune systems of unvaccinated animals, causing debilitating diarrhea and vomiting.
- P = Parainfluenza. This is a mild respiratory viral disease in dogs. V = Virus.
Therefore, a notation of “DA2PPV,” “DA2PP,” “DHPP,” or “DHPPV” in your pet’s vaccination record generally means that your pet was vaccinated against canine distemper, hepatitis (canine adenovirus-2 and -1), parvovirus, and parainfluenza.
Canine Rabies Vaccine
Administered to dogs to prevent them from susceptibility to rabies. Dogs contract rabies if they're bitten by infected pets such as foxes, bats and coyotes. In order to prevent animal to human transmission of rabies, all dogs should be vaccinated. The regulations for administration of the rabies vaccine vary in individual states. Although pet owners may administer the injection to pets at home, it's best to vaccinate pets at a licensed vet clinic to avoid complications.
Rabies Vaccine Administration
Vaccines are generally initiated at an early age. The rabies vaccine is given to puppies between the ages of 3 to 4 months. Pet owners should talk with their vet about laws specific to the state regarding the canine rabies vaccine. Most states require that the pet is given an annual booster shot. Some pets may also be administered 3 year booster shots. Vaccines are available as modified live vaccines or killed vaccines. Rabies vaccine is generally administered as a killed vaccine. However, since killed vaccines contain adjuvants that increase the risk of developing VAS, it's important to monitor pets post-vaccination. The injection will be administered either subcutaneously or as an intra-dermal shot to ensure it
Tips for Pet Owners
Since rabies isn't a curable condition and leads to death, it's important to take precautions to avoid contracting the disease from animals. Some states require that both cats and dogs be vaccinated to reduce the risk of the disease for dogs and pet owners. The vet may also recommend additional vaccines for pets highly susceptible to other illnesses.
The bordetella vaccine is not a core vaccine, which means that it is not a vaccine that is necessary to maintain a healthy dog. The bordetella vaccine is only recommended to your dog if you take him to an area that has a high population of dogs, such as a dog kennel or veterinarian office. These facilities will require the bordetella vaccine. The bordetella vaccine is given to your dog to help decrease the intensity of the disease if he is exposed to kennel cough. Since the distemper virus, adenovirus and parainfluenza virus can be a factor of kennel cough it is suggested that you vaccinate against these viruses. These vaccines are core vaccines and should be given annually. There are two different forms of the bordetella vaccine: the injectable form and the intra nasal form.
- The injectable bordetella in a series of two vaccines, given 2 to 4 weeks apart then given annually. You can give this vaccine to your dog after 4 months of age. The injectable bordetella offers systemic immunity but does not provide local immunity for the respiratory tract where the infection is occurring. The injectable form will take affect in 4 days.
- The intra nasal vaccine can be given as early as 3 weeks of age. Your dog only needs one vaccine and will provide protection for 12 months. This offers local immunity response in the respiratory tract and your dog will respond more quickly. Side effects are runny nose and sneezing after vaccination. These effects are temporary and not life threatening
- Kennel cough weakens your dogs immune system, leaving him more vulnerable to secondary infections such as pneumonia. This can be more serious in puppies and older dogs. Your dog must be quarantined at your home to reduce the risk of infecting other dogs. You should report kennel cough to any kennels or veterinarian offices that your dog attended. Proper disinfecting will be performed in their facilities.
Spay or Neuter if over 6 months old
This is for behavioral, not reproduction reasons. Primarily in the male, the increased testosterone attributed to the animal still being in tact will create dominance/aggressive behaviors towards other animals. We are a Kennel Free facility so EVERYONE has to get along!
*contact us for rules
Fleas~Ear Mites~Ticks~Heartworm~Demodex Mite~Cheyletiella Mites
Successful Completion of a Temperament Test
This is to be assured that everyone has a fun and SAFE environment when they come to play. Not everyone integrates into a kennel-free environment and that's OK!! We have to be sure that EVERYONE is going to have a safe and fun time!